Task Analysis: What you need to know

What is a TA?
A Task Analysis (TA), also known as a JSA or SWMS, breaks complex tasks into a sequence of smaller steps and actions. They are used as a planning tool to ensure all risks and controls are identified and appropriately managed for your job. A Task Analysis should describe how you plan to complete the job safely, and proves that you are managing the risk effectively.


 When should I use a TA?
A Task Analysis should be used to identify and assess the hazards before each high-risk job to reduce the risk as much as possible. 

When carrying out repetitive tasks, it is not necessary to complete a new Task Analysis each time you are doing the task, as long as the prepared Task Analysis  is relevant to the work being completed and understood by all persons involved in the work task.


Why should I use a TA?
Completing a Task Analysis helps to ensure all risks and controls are identified in each work step to improve safety and performance. It also ensures that the correct tools, people, and processes are identified prior to the work commencing which minimises the risk of injury, provides a clear understanding to workers and increases productivity.  


How to complete a TA?
To complete a Task Analysis, carry out the following steps:

  • List the hazards relevant to the task 
  • Choose the most effective risk controls following the control hierarchy*
  • Identify each step in the work task from beginning to end


*Control hierarchy:


  • Elimination involves removing the risk to health and safety from the work site. It is the most effective risk control and should always be prioritised.
  • Minimisation is used when a risk cannot be eliminated. This is done using: substitution, isolation, engineering, administration and PPE.


Wherever possible eliminate the risk.

  • Involve all persons who will complete the work task in the control choices and what is expected of them to ensure the task is completed safely. Ensure they have a sound understanding of the control measures.
  • Review the Task Analysis regularly, and obtain feedback from workers to ensure the control measures remain effective.


HazardCo Task Analysis Templates
You can access Task Analysis Templates from the Templates tab in your Hub. This will help you to identify the hazards, and the controls needed to minimise the risk to not only those involved in the works but all those working on the site.


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